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HORNCHURCH, UPMINSTER AND CORBETS TAY.
Pigot's Essex 1832-3 Trade Directory
HORNCHURCH is a village and parish, in the liberty of Havering-atte-Bower; 14 miles from London, two from Romford, and situated about four miles and a half from the river Thames. It is a place unimportant to the commercial traveller, and to the curious stranger it possesses but little worth his detention.
The church is a venerable pile, with a handsome spire, about 170 feet in height, and from its elevated site may be seen at a very great distance. At the chancel end of the church is a piece of carved work of a bullock's head, the horns of which are gilt : the appearance of this figure is attempted to be accounted for by the custom, arising out of a charter granted by Henry II, which takes place every Christmas day, of wrestling for a boar's head; but why the head of the latter animal has obtained a preference over the former is not explained. The living is a vicarage, in the incumbency of the Rev. George Stacey. The parish of Hornchurch is rather extensive, containing about 6,500 acres of land, and a population, by the official returns for 1831, of 2,186 inhabitants; being an increase, in 30 years, of 855 persons.
UPMINSTER is a village and parish, in the hundred of Chafford, situated about one mile from Hornchurch. The church is a neat ancient building, with a spire, the greatest part of which is covered with ivy; there is, besides, a chapel for dissenters. The living of Upminster is a rectory, of which the Rev. John Rose Holden is the incumbent. In this vicinity are many elegant houses, diversified with beautiful plantations. 'Upminster Hall," the manor house, formerly belonging to the abbots of Waltham, is an old building, principally of timber; its situation commands extensive and delightful prospects. By the last returns (1831,) the number of inhabitants was 1,033.
CORBETS TAY is an inconsiderable hamlet to the parish of Upminster, and contiguous to the village. The few houses which are in the place are inhabited principally by the labouring class, and it does not contain anything worthy of notice.
POST OFFICE, HORNCHURCH, William Frost, Post Master. - Letters from ROMFORD arrive (by mail-cart) every morning at seven, and are despatched every evening at six.
COACHES. To LONDON, a coach (from Ockenden), calls at the Bull, every monring at half-past eight; goes through Romford, &c.
To SOUTH OCKENDON, a coach (from London), calls at the Bull, every evening at six.
Transcribed by CG
The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales...., by John Marius Wilson. circa 1866
CORBETSTYE, a hamlet in Upminster parish, Essex; 4½ miles SE of Romford. It has a post-office under Romford. Pop., 177.
HORNCHURCH, a village, a parish, and a sub-district in Romford district, Essex. The village stands between the rivers Rom and Ingerbourne, 2 miles SE of Romford r. station; and has a post-office under Romford, London E. The parish also contains the hamlet of Havering-Well, extends to the Thames, and comprises 6,659 acres of land and 140 of water. The property is much subdivided; but most of the land belongs to New College, Oxford. Hornchurch Hall, Great Nelmes, Harrow Lodge, Ardley Lodge, Fair Kytes, Langtons, and Britons are chief residences. A priory, subordinate to the hospital of Monte Jovis, was founded here in the time of Henry II.; passed, by purchase, to William of Wykeham; and was given by him to New College, Oxford. Malting, brewing, iron-founding, agricultural-implement making, and the making of bricks, tiles, and drain-pipes, are carried on. A custom of wrestling for a boar's head on Christmas-day arose out of a charter granted by Henry II., and is still observed. The living is a vicarage in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £740. Patron, New College, Oxford. The church is ancient; consists of nave, chancel, aisles, and porches, with turreted tower, and a neat spire 170 feet high; and contains some old brass inscriptions. Charities, £92 and two suites of alms-houses.
Transcribed by Noel Clark
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