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History of Barking in 1848, Whites
is an improving town and fishing port, on the east side of the Roding, about two
miles north of the confluence of the river with the
2 miles S of Ilford Railway Station and 7 miles E by N of London. Its Parish
comprises 12,515 acres of land, and about 10,000 inhabitants, but is divided
into four Wards, of which the following are the names, with their population in
3751; Ripple, 467; Great Ilford, 3742; and Chadwell, 758. They support their
poor conjointly as one township, but Great Ilford, Chadwell, Barkingside,
Aldborough Hatch and all the north part of the parish in and adjoining
have been ecclesiastically formed in to the “Parish of Great Ilford”, as
afterwards noticed. When the census was taken in July, 1841, no fewer than 980
fishermen and their apprentices, were absent from Barking. Including its
floating population, the town now has about 5,000 inhabitants. It has been
greatly improved during the last eight years, by the erection of many new houses
and shops, and the formation of several new streets. It is now well paved and
lighted. The Gas Works were established in 1839, at a cost of £1500, in £5
shares. The river or creek is navigable to Barking for vessels of 3 or 400 tons
burthen, and was made navigable in 1739, up to Ilford for vessels of 80 tons.
Here is a toll-free quay, and the fishing trade gives employment to about 200
smacks, of from 40 to 60 tons burthen, each carrying 8 or 10 men or boys, and
constructed with wells for the purpose of preserving the fish alive, which
consists chiefly of turbot, soles and cod, taken on the Scottish and Dutch
coasts, chiefly for the London markets. Two large ice-houses have recently been
built to afford a supply of ice in packing fish for distant markets. The fishery
is a nursery of a hardy and industrious race, who seldom fail to become
excellent sailors. Many of the inhabitants of the town and neighbourhood are
engaged in the cultivation of potatoes and other vegetables for the metropolis.
In the parish about 600 acres are often cropped with potatoes, and 150 with
cabbages, etc. The market, held on Saturday, is now a trivial consequence, but
here is an annual fair for cattle etc, on the 22nd October, and a
pleasure fair is held on the first Friday, in July, at Fairlop, near Barking
side, and within the bounds of Hainault Forest, of which about 1000 acres,
covered with fine timber trees, are in Barking parish, though distant from 4 to
6 miles N N E of the town, and now included in the district parish of Great
Ilford, which see. The Town Hall, erected in the reign of
over the Market House, is a wood and plaster building, in which the court leet,
public lectures etc are held.
called in some records Berking, Berckingas, Berekingum, etc, is supposed to have
had its name from Burgh-ing, a fortification in the meadow; and the remains of
considerable entrenchments are still visible in the fields adjoining to Uphill
farm, about a quarter of a mile north of the town. The form of this entrenchment
is not regular, but tending toa square of about 48 acres. On the north, east and
south sides, it is singly trenched, but on the west, near the river Roding, it
has a double trench and bank. On the south side is a deep morass, but on the
north and east sides the ground is dry and level, the trench, from frequent
ploughings, being almost filled up. At the north west corner was an outlet to a
fine spring of water, which was guarded by an inner work, and a high keep or
mound of earth, Mr Lethieullier, a late lord of the manor, in his unpublished
history of barking, “thinks this entrenchment was too large for a camp;” his
opinion therefore is that it was a site of a Roman town, but he confesses that
no traces of buildings have been found on the spot, and accounts for it on
supposition that the materials were used for building Barking Abbey, and for
repairing it after it was burnt by the Danes. As a confirmation of this opinion,
he relates, that, upon viewing the ruins of the
in 1750, he found the foundations of one of the great pillars composed of Roman
bricks. Whatever may have been the origin of the town, its consequence in after
times was certainly owing to its Abbey, of which scarcely any vestiges now
remain. The following particulars relating to this richly endowed nunnery, are
abridged from the late Mr Lethieullier’s manuscript history.
What I am now attempting to achieve is the coverage of an earlier London
street directory in 1832. This is unique, plus
images of the 1842 Robsons directory which confirm earlier entries and also
carry much more trade detail about a premises or person. Here is the index of streets in 1832, many with
1842 imagery added.
And next is the complete 1940 London street directory - this will take some months to complete, so bear with me!
London pub history directory.
LONDON Pub History
London Street Listings in 1832.
London street listings in 1842
London Street Listings in 1818 - mainly A and B.
London public houses in 1833 Pigots.
Entire London Street Listing in 1843 - by surname.
London public houses in 1856.
London public houses in 1869.
London public houses in 1899
London 1921 Street directory in 1921
London 1940 Street directory 1940
London Pubs in 2018