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    Black Boy, 220 Springfield Road, Chelmsford

    A listing of historical public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in Essex. The  Essex listing uses information from census, Trade Directories and History to add licensees, bar staff, Lodgers and Visitors.

    Chelmsford pub index

    Formerly the New Inn and also known as the Old Black Boy

    "The Black Boy in Springfield Road is a direct link with one of Chelmsford's best known and oldest inns that was demolished in 1857. It was said to have belonged to the de Veres, who used it as a halting place on their journeys to and from London.
    The Black Boy was first known as the Crown or the New Inn and is so described in the 1591 survey. In the first half of the seventeenth century it was pulled down and a new house known as the Black Boy was erected upon its site. The Black Boy became one of the chief coaching inns in the town. George IV and the Iron Duke are said to have stayed there. When it was sold in 1818 it had a ballroom fifty-two feet by nineteen feet and stabling for forty-five horses, but only about a dozen bedrooms. After the coming of the railway its usefulness declined. Two fine carved and painted bosses from the ceiling of this old house are now in Chelmsford Museum and the site is occupied by Boots, the chemists.
    The present Black Boy (sold in June 1961) was known as the Black Boy Tap in 1818, and here the postboys and stable boys used to sleep in coaching days. Below the bed rooms were the taprooms."

    From the August 1962 edition of Essex Countryside

    Dickens stayed at the Black Boy when he was sent to Chelmsford to cover the election there as the parliamentary correspondent for the Morning Chronicle. 'Banners, drums, Conservative emblems, horsemen, go carts filled every little green and open space as people waited for the rival candidates to appear...Every time the horse heard a drum he bounced into the hedge on the left side of the road and every time I got him out he bounced onto the hedge on the right side. The weather was wild and wet and Dickens found Chelmsford 'the dullest and most stupid place on earth.' He spent a damp Sunday at the Black Boy looking out of the bay window at the rain. 'The only book I have seen is Field exercises and Evolution Of The Army...I've read it so many times I'm sure I could drill a hundred recruits from memory' There was, he said, nothing to look at in Chelmsford save 'two immense prisons large enough to hold all the inhabitants of the county'


    The following entries are in this format:

    Year/Publican or other Resident/Relationship to Head and or Occupation/Age/Where Born/Source.

    1602/John Edwick/Owner/../../..**

    1791/Murrell Lakin/Innkeeper/../../Universal British
    1791/Hartley Lakin/Innkeeper/../../Universal British

    1822/William Bacon/../../../Pigot's*

    1823-4/William Bacon/../../../Pigot's

    1828-9/William Bacon/../../../Pigot's

    1832-3/William Bacon/Fly Proprietor/../../Pigot's

    1839/William Bacon/../../../Pigot's

    1840/William Bacon/../../../Pigot's*

    1841/Ann Bacon/Inn Keeper/60/../Census ****
    1841/Arthur Bacon/Inn Keeper/24/Essex/Census
    1841/Harry Bacon/../26/Essex/Census
    1841/Selina Bacon/../16/../Census
    1841/Eliza Peacock/../40/../Census

    1845/William Henry Phillips/../../../Post Office

    1848/John Amery/../../../White's

    1851/John Amery/Livery Stables, Railway Station/../../Post Office

    1851/Emma Amery/married, hotel keeper/39/Maidstone, Kent/Census ***
    1851/John W Amery/son, scholar/08/Bath, Somerset ***

    1852/J. Amery/../../../Kelly's*

    1855/Mrs P Lord/../../../Post Office ****

    1862/Robert French/../../../Kelly's

    1867/Robert French/../../../Post Office

    1870/William Hardy/../../../Kelly's

    1871/William Hardy/../../../Post Office

    1874/William Hardy/../../../Kelly's

    1878/William Hardy/../../../Kelly's

    1881/William Hardy/Licensed Victualler/57/Finchingfield, Essex/Census
    1881/James E. G. Hardy/Son, Journeyman Blacksmith/21/Felsted, Essex/Census
    1881/Walter W. Green/Lodger, Journeyman Tailor/39/Horkesley, Essex/Census
    1881/George Smith/Lodger, Labourer/50/London, Middlesex/Census
    1881/D. Kelley/Lodger, Labourer/54/Ireland/Census
    1881/John Gool/Lodger, Labourer/56/Colone/Census
    1881/William Frost/Lodger, Labourer/40/Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk/Census
    1881/Ellen Frost/Lodger/37/Stortford, Essex/Census
    1881/George Taylor/Lodger, Traveller/28/Norwich, Norfolk/Census
    1881/Mary Ann Taylor/Lodger/30/Hammersmith/Census
    1881/George Harris/Lodger, Hawker/23/Peterborough/Census
    1881/Richard Chapman/Lodger, Brickmaker/36/Ipswich, Suffolk/Census

    1882/William Hardy/../../../Kelly's

    1886/Walter William Wenden/Pork Butcher/../../Kelly's

    1890/Walter William Wenden/Pork Butcher/../../Kelly's

    1891/Walter W. Wenden/Butcher & Publican/31/Springfield, Essex/Census
    1891/Martha Wenden/Wife/30/Great Totham, Essex/Census
    1891/Robert ?/Lodger, Baker/40/Springfield, Essex/Census
    1891/Elizabeth Sutton/Domestic Servant/29/Springfield, Essex/Census
    1891/Mark Sutton/Son/7/Chelmsford, Essex/Census

    Note: Premises not named in 1891

    1894/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1895/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1898/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1899/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1902/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1906/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1908/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1910/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1911/Charles Sayers/Inn Keeper/63/Sandon, Essex/Census ****
    1911/Sarah Ann Sayers/Wife, Assistant/63/Steeple Bumstead, Essex/Census
    1911/Florance Sayers/Daughter, Assistant/35/Great Baddow, Essex/Census
    1911/Albert Sayers/Son, Carpenter & Joiner/31/Chelmsford, Essex/Census
    1911/Hephzibah Sayers/Daughter, Assistant/24/Chelmsford, Essex/Census

    1912/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1914/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1917/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1922/Charles Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1925/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1929/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1933/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    1937/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's

    * Provided by the Pubs, Inns and Taverns Index for England, 1801-1900

    ** John Edwick is mentioned in the Chelmsford Ballads as part of the slander trial in the Midsummer asizes in 1602. Provided by David Edwick

    *** Provided by John Mead

    **** Provided by Kevan

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  • And Last updated on: Sunday, 05-Mar-2017 16:43:15 GMT