A listing of historical public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in Essex. The Essex listing uses information from census, Trade Directories and History to add licensees, bar staff, Lodgers and Visitors.
Chelmsford pub index
Formerly the New Inn and also known as the Old Black Boy
Black Boy in Springfield Road is a direct link with one of
Chelmsford's best known and oldest inns that was demolished in 1857.
It was said to have belonged to the de Veres, who used it as a
halting place on their journeys to and from London.
The Black Boy was first known as the Crown or the New Inn and is so described in the 1591 survey. In the first half of the seventeenth century it was pulled down and a new house known as the Black Boy was erected upon its site. The Black Boy became one of the chief coaching inns in the town. George IV and the Iron Duke are said to have stayed there. When it was sold in 1818 it had a ballroom fifty-two feet by nineteen feet and stabling for forty-five horses, but only about a dozen bedrooms. After the coming of the railway its usefulness declined. Two fine carved and painted bosses from the ceiling of this old house are now in Chelmsford Museum and the site is occupied by Boots, the chemists.
The present Black Boy (sold in June 1961) was known as the Black Boy Tap in 1818, and here the postboys and stable boys used to sleep in coaching days. Below the bed rooms were the taprooms."
From the August 1962 edition of Essex Countryside
Dickens stayed at the Black Boy when he was sent to Chelmsford to cover the election there as the parliamentary correspondent for the Morning Chronicle. 'Banners, drums, Conservative emblems, horsemen, go carts filled every little green and open space as people waited for the rival candidates to appear...Every time the horse heard a drum he bounced into the hedge on the left side of the road and every time I got him out he bounced onto the hedge on the right side. The weather was wild and wet and Dickens found Chelmsford 'the dullest and most stupid place on earth.' He spent a damp Sunday at the Black Boy looking out of the bay window at the rain. 'The only book I have seen is Field exercises and Evolution Of The Army...I've read it so many times I'm sure I could drill a hundred recruits from memory' There was, he said, nothing to look at in Chelmsford save 'two immense prisons large enough to hold all the inhabitants of the county'
The following entries are in this format:
Year/Publican or other Resident/Relationship to Head and or Occupation/Age/Where Born/Source.
1791/Murrell Lakin/Innkeeper/../../Universal British
1791/Hartley Lakin/Innkeeper/../../Universal British
1832-3/William Bacon/Fly Proprietor/../../Pigot's
1841/Ann Bacon/Inn Keeper/60/../Census ****
1841/Arthur Bacon/Inn Keeper/24/Essex/Census
1845/William Henry Phillips/../../../Post Office
1851/John Amery/Livery Stables, Railway Station/../../Post Office
1851/Emma Amery/married, hotel keeper/39/Maidstone, Kent/Census ***
1851/John W Amery/son, scholar/08/Bath, Somerset ***
1855/Mrs P Lord/../../../Post Office ****
1867/Robert French/../../../Post Office
1871/William Hardy/../../../Post Office
1881/William Hardy/Licensed Victualler/57/Finchingfield, Essex/Census
1881/James E. G. Hardy/Son, Journeyman Blacksmith/21/Felsted, Essex/Census
1881/Walter W. Green/Lodger, Journeyman Tailor/39/Horkesley, Essex/Census
1881/George Smith/Lodger, Labourer/50/London, Middlesex/Census
1881/D. Kelley/Lodger, Labourer/54/Ireland/Census
1881/John Gool/Lodger, Labourer/56/Colone/Census
1881/William Frost/Lodger, Labourer/40/Bury St. Edmunds, Suffolk/Census
1881/Ellen Frost/Lodger/37/Stortford, Essex/Census
1881/George Taylor/Lodger, Traveller/28/Norwich, Norfolk/Census
1881/Mary Ann Taylor/Lodger/30/Hammersmith/Census
1881/George Harris/Lodger, Hawker/23/Peterborough/Census
1881/Richard Chapman/Lodger, Brickmaker/36/Ipswich, Suffolk/Census
1886/Walter William Wenden/Pork Butcher/../../Kelly's
1890/Walter William Wenden/Pork Butcher/../../Kelly's
1891/Walter W. Wenden/Butcher & Publican/31/Springfield, Essex/Census
1891/Martha Wenden/Wife/30/Great Totham, Essex/Census
1891/Robert ?/Lodger, Baker/40/Springfield, Essex/Census
1891/Elizabeth Sutton/Domestic Servant/29/Springfield, Essex/Census
1891/Mark Sutton/Son/7/Chelmsford, Essex/Census
Note: Premises not named in 1891
1911/Charles Sayers/Inn Keeper/63/Sandon, Essex/Census ****
1911/Sarah Ann Sayers/Wife, Assistant/63/Steeple Bumstead, Essex/Census
1911/Florance Sayers/Daughter, Assistant/35/Great Baddow, Essex/Census
1911/Albert Sayers/Son, Carpenter & Joiner/31/Chelmsford, Essex/Census
1911/Hephzibah Sayers/Daughter, Assistant/24/Chelmsford, Essex/Census
1925/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's
1929/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's
1933/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's
1937/James W. Sayers/../../../Kelly's
* Provided by the Pubs, Inns and Taverns Index for England, 1801-1900
** John Edwick is mentioned in the Chelmsford Ballads as part of the slander trial in the Midsummer asizes in 1602. Provided by David Edwick
*** Provided by John Mead
**** Provided by Kevan
What I am now attempting to achieve is the coverage of an earlier London
street directory in 1832. This is unique, plus
images of the 1842 Robsons directory which confirm earlier entries and also
carry much more trade detail about a premises or person. Here is the index of streets in 1832, many with
1842 imagery added.
And next is the complete 1940 London street directory - this will take some months to complete, so bear with me!
London pub history directory.
London Street Listings in 1832.
London street listings in 1842
London Street Listings in 1818 - mainly A and B.
London public houses in 1833 Pigots.
Entire London Street Listing in 1843 - by surname.
London public houses in 1856.
London public houses in 1869.
London public houses in 1899
London 1921 Street directory in 1921
London 1940 Street directory 1940
London Pubs in 2018