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    Waggon & Horses, 66 North Hill, Colchester

    Colchester pub history index

    The building has been extensively remodelled over time, so it is difficult to trace its history. Its appearance has changed considerably over the years.

    Waggon & Horses, North Hill, Colchester - circa 1880

    Waggon & Horses, North Hill, Colchester - circa 1880

    Kindly provided by abdu'Rashid

    The earliest photo (1880) shows an early to mid-Victorian facade reproducing the Jacobean style found in Colchester. The original building of course might be much older.

    Waggon & Horses, North Hill - in 1907

    Waggon & Horses, North Hill - in 1907

    Kindly donated by Colleen

    This is how it would have looked when it was run by the Adamsons. By 1907 the facade had an Arts and Crafts sort of makeover, much plainer. The timber framing has been stuccoed over, and the elaborately carved casement windows have been replaced with up and down sashes. Note the trams and street lighting.

    Colchester, The Waggon and Horses c1960, Essex.  (Neg. C136036)  © Copyright The Francis Frith Collection 2005. http://www.francisfrith.com
    Reproduced courtesy of The Francis Frith Collection.

    Waggon and Horses, Colchester 1960

    By the 1960’s you can see the whole facade has been altered; doors have been repositioned and one of the dormers in the roof has disappeared. This more radical remodelling was probably done in the 1940’s by the Luftwaffe.


    Waggon & Horses, North Hill, Colchester 1999

    27th August 1999

    Waggon & Horses, North Hill, Colchester - Pat Molloys in 2013

    Waggon & Horses, North Hill, Colchester - Pat Molloys in 2013

    Kindly provided by abdu'Rashid

    The Wagon as it is today. This looks like the most serious damage. While the exterior has been somewhat restored to its original style, it has had its interior gutted and replaced with the ubiquitous cliché of the fake Irish Theme Pub. The poor old Wagon and Horses has suffered the indignity of being reinvented as ‘Pat Molloy’s’, where you are invited in for the craic, a challenge if ever there was one. Well, it’s good that it’s still trading whatever the name, but it’s lucky the staunchly protestant and loyalist Thomas and Cecilia Adamson aren’t alive to see it!

    Known Residents

    The following entries are in this format:

    Year/Publican or other Resident/Relationship to Head and or Occupation/Age/Where Born/Source.

    1822/William Bond/../../../Pigot's*

    1823-4/William Bond/../../../Pigot's

    1828-9/George Knight/../../../Pigot's

    1832-3/Thomas Ward/../../../Pigot's

    1839/Jemima Godden/../../../Pigot's*

    1845/James Jarman/../../../Post Office

    1848/James Jarman/../../../White's

    1851/Thomas Mansfield/../../../Post Office

    1851/Edward Dubbins/innkeeper/28/Brighton, Suffolk/Census **
    1851/Lydia Dubbins/wife/28/Lenham, Kent/Census **
    1851/Edward Dubbins/son/03/London, Middlesex/Census **
    1851/Mary Ann Williams/house servant/21/Bradwell, Essex/Census **
    1851/Sarah Sawyer/nurse girl/19/Hatfield, Essex/Census **
    1851/Daniel Parkes/ostler/34/Earls Colne, Essex/Census **
    1851/John Miller/pot boy/16/Offton, Suffolk/Census **
    1851/John King/visitor, mail contractor/31/Great Bentley, Essex/Census **
    1851/George Barnes/visitor, mail contractor/29/London, Middlesex/Census **
    (Note ‘visitor’ should be ‘lodger’ but the enumerator used the former!)

    1852/T. Mansfield/../../../Kelly's*

    1855/T. W. Watson/../../../Kelly's*

    1862/Thomas Ward Watson/Coach Builder/../../Kelly's

    1867/Thomas Ward Watson/Coach Builder/../../Post Office

    1870/Thomas Ward Watson/../../../Kelly's

    1871/Thomas Ward Watson/../../../Post Office

    1874/Thomas Ward Watson/../../../Kelly's

    1878/James Hobbs/../../../Kelly's

    1881/Alfred J. Norman/Licensed Victualler/28/Blandford/Census
    1881/Ellen Norman/Wife/24/Braintree, Essex/Census
    1881/Ellen Edwards/Mother in Law/50/West Bergholt, Essex/Census
    1881/Agnes Bates/Barmaid/19/Birmingham/Census
    1881/Elizabeth Gear/Cook/23/Somerset/Census
    1881/Harriet Gear/Housemaid/17/Boxted, Essex/Census
    1881/Charles W. Fowler/Boots/16/Colchester, Essex/Census

    1882/Alfred James Norman/../../../Kelly's

    1886/Alfred James Norman/../../../Kelly's

    1894/David Joseph Sheppard/../../../Kelly's

    1895/E. K. Chamberlain/../../../Kelly's

    1898/William Walsh/../../../Kelly's

    1899/William Walsh/../../../Kelly's

    Henry Parrott was manager of the George Hotel, Colchester in 1901 (census).  ****

    1902/Henry Parrott/../../../Kelly's

    Thomas Adamson was a Sergeant Major in the Royal Inniskilling Fusiliers. He was stationed in Colchester Garrison at the time of the1901 census. He was discharged from the Army, probably in 1902 after 30 years service, and took over the licence at the Wagon and Horses from Henry Parrott. He died in 1910. ****

    Sergeant Major Thomas Adamson about 1900      Thomas Adamson in 1903

    Sergeant Major Thomas Adamson about 1900 and again in 1903

    Kindly provided by abdu'Rashid

    His widow Cecilia took over the management of the Wagon, which was styled a ‘Hotel’and was considered (according to family tradition) a very respectable establishment. It was a regular watering hole for the senior NCO’s from the Garrison, so I imagine the ‘other ranks’
    steered clear. Three out of four of Tom and Cecilia’s surviving daughters married serving Sergeant Majors. All of their sons in law were commissioned by 1914 and served in France and Belgium with distinction for the duration of 14-18 war. All survived. ****

    Cecilia Adamson about 1903 

    Cecilia Adamson about 1903

     Cecilia Adamson in 1905 at the back of the Waggon & Horses

    Cecilia Adamson in 1905 at the back of the Waggon & Horses

    Edith Lilian Adamson at Christmas 1907

    Edith Lilian Adamson at Christmas 1907

    Kindly provided by abdu'Rashid

    Their youngest son, Charles John, was actually born on the premises in 1905. Lilian, who had assisted in running the establishment for a time, travelled to India where her fiancé was stationed, and they were married in Lucknow in 1912. Her mother sold the business shortly afterwards.  ***

    1907/T. Adamson/../../../Benham's

    1908/Thomas Adamson/../../../Kelly's

    1911/Cecilia Adamson/Hotel Manageress, widow/46/Dublin/Census
    1911/Edith Lilian/Daughter, Assistant/22/Armagh, Co Tyrone/Census
    1911/Aileen Blanche/Daughter/18/Dover, Kent/Census
    1911/Albert Hugh/Son/10/Colchester, Essex/Census
    1911/Charls John/Son/5/Colchester, Essex/Census
    1911/Elizabeth Alice/Servant/23/Dublin Town/Census
    1911/Marjery Panter/Barmaid/20/Leicester/Census
    1911/Frank Parry Dale/Boarder, Fishmonger/37/Christchurch, Hampshire/Census
    1911/Arthur Clannon McGuirk/Boarder/24/New Orleans, America/Census
    1911/James Frederick Goby/Boarder, Cab Driver/23/Harwich, Essex/Census

    1912/Mrs. Cecilia Adamson/../../../Kelly's

    1917/Arthur Reeve/../../../Kelly's

    1925/Edwin Hill/../../../Kelly's

    1933/Edwin Hill/../../../Kelly's

    A considerable history of the Amey family exists at the Drury Hotel

    1937/Charles Amey/../../../Black Eagle Journal ***

    1939/Charles Thomas Amey/Licensee/../../Petty Sessions***

    * Provided by the Pubs, Inns and Taverns Index for England, 1801-1900

    ** Provided by John Mead

    *** Provided by Jill & Brian Fleming

    **** Provided by abdu'Rashid

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  • And Last updated on: Thursday, 30-Mar-2017 21:25:41 BST