Pub history and London

Billericay Directories in history

Universal British Directory of 1791

Is a hamlet only and chapelry of the parish of Great-Bursted, but has a considerable market on Tuesday, especially for corn. It is situated 6 miles East of Brentwood, 9 from Chelmsford, and 24 from London. It has two fairs in a year, on July 22, and October 7. Sunday, Wednesday, and Friday, are the post-days.
 Billericay is seated on a fine eminence, on the road from Chelmsford to Tilbury-fort, commanding a most beautiful prospect over a rich valley to the Thames: here you have a full view of the shipping, and the prospect is bounded by the hills of Kent. A late writer speaks of this view in the following rapturous strain of panegyric:—" Nothing can exceed this amazing prospect, unless it be that which Hannibal exhibited to his disconsolate troops, when he bade them behold the glory of the Italian plains!"

Pigot's Essex 1828-9 Trade Directory

Submitted by Ian Hunter (Essex Pubs) and Transcribed by Essex Villages

 

Billericay is a small market town, 9 miles from Chelmsford, 6 from Brentwood, and 24 from London; and is a chapelry to Great Burstead. It is seated upon high ground, and commands an extensive and pleasing view of the surrounding country. On a clear day the coast of Kent is distinguishable by the naked eye, and the Nore is plainly discernible. The town is clean and tolerably well built, consisting of one main and one back street. At various times have been found in the neighbourhood, several articles of Romish fabrication; and it is conjectured that this town was the site of a Roman villa, or station. In the centre of the town is a neat chapel of ease to Great Burstead; there are also a Quakers' meeting house, independent and Baptist chapels, a free school, a well conducted workhouse, and a market house. The charter for the market was granted in 1476, and it was at one time of considerable note, but it has fallen off much of late years; and a great portion of the trade transferred to that markets of Chelmsford and Romford. Several opulent families reside hereabout; the residence of Colonel Bruce, which is delightfully placed upon an acclivity, and embosomed in rich foliage, is very picturesque. The market day is on Tuesday; fairs are held August 2, and Oct. 7, for cattle. The census includes Great and Little Burstead, and the population contained in the three places was in 1821, 2062.

Great Burstead, or Burghstead, is two miles from Billericay; and is only named as being the parish in which that town is placed, and where is situated the parish church; it is a neat building, with a tower and five bells, but contains nothing to compensate the inquirer for his time in viewing the interior. Henry III. gave to the abbey of Stratford Langthorne a charter to hold a market here; but it did not long enjoy the privilege.

Little Burstead is one mile and a half from Billericay, and consists only of a few scattered houses; and the church, which is small building, having nothing remarkable about it.

Hanningfields, East, West and South, are three parishes adjoining to each other, and are distinguished each from the other by the locality of their situation. West Hanningfield is about 6 miles from Billericay and 10 from Maldon. East Hanningfield is about 3 miles distant from Billericay and South Hanningfield about two miles. The country around possesses no particular attraction, except to the contemplative mind, as it partakes of a dreary and forest-like appearance; and it was still more so a century ago, being then for many miles round a complete woodland, in many parts impenetrable to the traveller. The number of inhabitants contained in the three parishes in 1821 was 1042.

Post Office, Billericay.  John Goodman, Post Master, Crown Inn.  Letters arrive from all parts in the morning at one, and are despatched every evening at nine.

Gentry & Clergy
Note: The names with the Town not mentioned are in Billericay
Brooksbury Rev. Thomas, South and West Hanningfield
Bruce Col. Mill hill house
Cusack Mrs. Billericay
Edison Rev. G. T. Ramsden, Bell house
Firman Rev. Robert, curate, Laindon
Fothergill Rev. Henry, Billericay
French Joseph, esq. Clock house
Hand Rev. Jno. Staples, magistrate
Hodyson Rev. Edward, rector, Laindon
Jenner Rev. Dr. Billericay
Knox Rev. Thos. Rector, Ramsden Crays
Leake Mr. Pell, Billericay
Nottage, Rev. John, East Hanningfield
Notridge Rev. John, Dounham
Offin Mrs. Billericay
Packman Rev. Wm. rector, Langdon
Roberts Rev. Jno. Little Burstead
Robinson John, esq. Billericay
Rolph Mr. Geo. Billericay
Skipper Peter, esq. Hope house
Spitty Mrs. Billericay
Spitty Captain, Billericay
Thomas Rev. John, Church st
Thornton Rev. John, Indep. Min.
Tomlinson Captain, Billericay

Academies. & Boarding
 
Burningham John, (gents)
Clark Thos. (gents)
Evans Miss Diana, (ladies)
Oates Miss Ann, (ladies)
Miall Moses, (gents)

Attorneys
 
Shaw Geo. Clerk to the magistrate
Stanley Henry

Auctioneer
 
Rolph George

Bakers
 
Collins John
Cotty Joseph, East Hanningfield
Tyler Philip
Wood Wm.

Boot & Shoe Makers
 
Durrant Benjamin
Hummerston Thomas
Making John
Markwell Wm.
Osbourn Wm.
Warwicker David
Whistler Wm.

Butchers
 
Cole Joseph
Dennis Wm. W.
Gower Abraham
Richardson Daniel
Richardson James
Whipps George

Corn Factors
 
(Attending the Market House)
Alexander Thomas
Agnis Joseph
Barrell Savage
Clark John
Deeley John
James Thomas
Moss Wm.
Stock James
Threadgold George
Wood Wm.

Carpenters & Builders
 
Curtis Wm. sen (and brick maker)
Mann John
Tunstall Charles
Wingfield Richard

Gardeners & Seedsman
 
Brand Thomas
Hatch William
Ramsey Henry

Farriers & Smiths
 
Archer Samuel
Cockerell James
Making William
Paperill Richard
Ship Timothy and Son

Fire, &c. Office Agents
 
County, Ann Butcher
Essex Economic, Crisp Harridge
Essex & Suffolk, Wm. Rolph
Grocers & Drapers
 
Barrell Savage, (& tallow chandler & spirit merchant)
Burrell Thomas
Coote Mark
Foreman Geo. West Hanningfield
Markwell Thos. (draper only)
Millbank Joshua
Moore Wm. (& glass & china dir)
Oliver Thomas
Rolph George
Tunbridge John
Walker William
Williams James (draper only)

Inns & Public Houses
 
Bull, Thomas Curtis
Chequers, Abraham Parker
Compasses, Wm. Hayward, West Hanningfield
Crown Inn and Posting House, & Excise Office, John Goodman
De Beauvois Arms, Geo. Watts, Downham
Duke of York, John Woodward, South Green
Plough and Sail, Joshua Ramsay, East Hanningfield
Red Lion, Susan Thompson
Ship, Wm. Pincham, West Hanningfield
Sun Inn and Commercial Hotel, Crisp Harridge
Three Horse Shoes, Thos. Burrell
Windmill, Josh. Myal, East Hanningfield
White Hart, Wm. Cornell
Windmill, John Cross, South Hanningfield

Plumbers, Painters, &c.
Bassom James
Whipps Jas. (& glass & china dir)

Saddlers, &c.
 
Hopwood Francis
Upson George

Surgeons
 
Adams George, M. D.
Carter William
D. Aranda Benjamin, sen. & jun.
Martin John

Tailors, &c.
Hughes John
Sandford William
Smith William
Stebbing John
Walker James

Wheelwrights
 
Baker Wm., West Hanningfield
Parker Abraham
Stock Thomas, East Hanningfield

Wine and Spirit Merchants
And Dealers in Malt & Hops
 
Barrell Thomas jun.
Goodman and Rolph

Miscellaneous
 
Barrett Thos. watch maker and jeweller
Blanks, blacksmith, East Hanningfield
Burrell Thomas. tailow chandler
Curtis Wm. jun. cabinet maker, appraiser, &c.
Curtis William, bricklayer
Davan John, carrier, &c.
Davey Robt. furniture broker
Eaton Robt. carpenter, East Hanningfield
Goodman and Rolph, brewers
Henniker Wm. corn & flour dealer
Oates Thos. tanner & fellmonger
Parnell Matthew, blacksmith, West Hanningfield
Root Wm. hairdresser
Sach Elizabeth, milliner
Sankester Robt. ironmonger, &c.
Shettlewood William, blacksmith, South Hanningfield
Stebbing Ann, straw hat maker
Stedman Richard, chemist, druggist, and stationer
Wilson Hannah, cooper

Coaches
To London, from Billericay, from the Crown Inn, through Brentwood and Romford, every morning at seven and eleven. From the Sun Inn, every morning at half past seven.

To Chelmsford, from the Crown Inn every Friday morning at eleven.

To Southend, from the Crown Inn, through Rayleigh and Rochford, every afternoon at three and five, and from the Sun Inn, every afternoon at five

Carriers
To London from Billericay, Thos. Fitch's Van, every Thursday afternoon at five. John Pease's Van every Monday afternoon at five. John Hammond's, every Monday & Thursday afternoon, to the Swan, Whitechapel and return on Tuesdays and Fridays.

To Southend. Thos. Pease's and Fitch's Van, every Saturday morning at seven.

 

Pigot's Essex 1832-3 Trade Directory

BILLERICAY

WITH THE VILLAGES OF GREAT AND LITTLE BURSTEAD, AND EAST, WEST AND SOUTH HANNINGFIELDS.

BILLERICAY is a small market town, in the parish of Great Burstead and hundred of Barstable; 24 miles from London, 9 from Chelmsford, and 16 from Gravesend. It is seated upon high ground, and commands an extensive and pleasing view of the surrounding country; on a clear day the coast of Kent is distinguishable by the naked eye, and the Nore is plainly discernible. The town is clean, and tolerably well built, consisting of one main and one back street. At various times, several articles of Roman fabrication have been found in the neighbourhood; and it is conjectured that this town was erected on the site of a Roman villa or station. Lord Petre is lord of the manor, and holds a court leet and baron annually in Whitsun week; and petty sessions are held, at the market-house, the first and third Tuesday in every month. The trade of this place, with the exception of that in corn, and a silk manufactory, is inconsiderable. There are two good Inns here; the 'Sun', especially, is a house well and deservedly supported by the commercial traveller.
In the centre of the town is a neat chapel of ease to Great Burstead; there are also three meeting-houses for dissenters, a free-school, and a well conducted workhouse. The charter for the market was granted in 1476, and it was at one time of considerable note; but it has fallen off much of late years, and a great portion of the trade transferred to the markets of Chelmsford and Romford. The market-day is Tuesday; fairs are held on the 2nd of August and 7th of October, for cattle. The parish of Great Burstead contained, by the returns for 1831, 1,977 inhabitants; being an increase, since 1801, of 505 persons.

GREAT BURSTEAD is two miles from Billericay; and is only named as being the parish in which that town is placed, and where is situated the parish church; this is a neat building, with a tower and five bells; Lord Petre is the lay rector, and the Rev. John Thomas is the vicar. Henry III gave to the abbey of Stratford Langthorne a charter to hold a market here, but it did not long enjoy the privilege.

LITTLE BURSTEAD is one mile and a half from Billericay, and consists of only a few scattered houses; and the church, which is a small building, having nothing remarkable about it: the Rev. Wm. Roberts is the rector. The number of inhabitants in Little Burstead is about 200.

HANNINGFIELDS, EAST, WEST and SOUTH, are three parishes adjoining to each other, and are distinguished each from the other by the locality of their situations. West Hanningfield is about six miles from Billericay, and ten from Maldon; East Hanningfield is about three miles distant from Billericay, and South Hanningfield about two miles. The number of inhabitants contained in the three parishes, by the last census, was 1,141.

POST OFFICE, BILLERICAY, William Curtis, Post Master, - Letters arrive (by mail-cart, from INGATESTONE,) every afternoon at one, and are despatched every morning at eight.

Transcribed by Jo

The Imperial Gazetteer of England & Wales...., by John Marius Wilson. circa 1866

BILLERICAY, a small town, a chapelry, and a district in Essex. The town stands on an eminence, near the site of a Roman station, 4 and ½ miles S of Ingatestone r. station, and 9 SSW of Chelmsford. It commands a fine view of the surrounding country, away to Kent and the Nore; and is of ancient origin, and has been much improved. It has a head post-office, a banking-office, one chief inn, a church, two dissenting chapels, an endowed school, a public reading-room, and a workhouse; and is a seat of petty sessions, and a polling-place. The church is a brick building, partly as old as the time of Edward III., and has a tower, of previous date, much decayed. A weekly market is held on Tuesday; fairs are held on 2 Aug and 7 Oct.; and brewing, brick-making, and country businesses are carried on. Rated property, £6,972. Pop., 1,390. Houses, 248. The chapelry is conterminate with the town; and is in the parish of Great Burstead. The living is a papal curacy in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £120. Patron, the Bishop of Rochester.
HANNINGFIELD (EAST), a parish in Chelmsford district, Essex; 3½ miles N of the river Crouch, and 6 SE of Chelmsford r. station. Post-town, Chelmsford. Acres, 2,446. Real property, £3,323. Pop., 453. Houses, 94. The property is subdivided. The manor belongs to Lord Petre. The living is a rectory in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £417. Patron, C. Nottidge, Esq. The church is later English; and consists of nave, chancel, and north chapel, with a steeple. Charities, £13.
HANNINGFIELD (SOUTH), a parish in Chelmsford district, Essex; 3½ miles N of Wickford, and 7 S by E of Chelmsford r. station. Post-town, Stock, under Ingatestone. Acres, 1,526. Real property, £2,050. Pop., 235. Houses, 51. The property is divided among a few. The manor belongs to Lord Petre. The living is a rectory annexed to the rectory of West Hanningfield, in the diocese of Rochester. The church is good.
HANNINGFIELD (WEST), a parish in Chelmsford district, Essex; 5½ miles E of Ingatestone r. station, a 6 SSE of Chelmsford. Post-town, Stock, under Ingatestone. . Acres, 2,218. Real property, £4,326. Pop., 527. Houses, 115. The property is sub-divided. The manor belongs to Lord Petre. The living is a rectory, united with the rectory of South Hanningfield, in the diocese of Rochester. Value, £934. Patron, the Rev. W. Kemble. The church is later English, in good condition; has an octagonal tower, with a wooden spire; and contains some tombs and brasses of the 14th century. There are a national school, and charities £31.
LILLYSTONE, a place in the S of Essex; 3¼ miles NNE of Billericay.

Transcribed by Noel Clark

Post Office Directory of Essex ~ 1871

Submitted and Transcribed by Essex Villages

 

EAST HANNINGFIELD is a village and parish, in the Western division of the county, Chelmsford union, hundred and county court district, Danbury rural deanery, Essex archdeaconry, and Rochester diocese, 33 miles from London, 6 south-east from Chelmsford, and 10 from Ingatestone station. The church of All Saints is in the perpendicular style, and consist of a nave, chancel, north aisle, wooden belfry containing 3 bells, and surmounted by a small spire; in the window is a small coat of arms. The register dates from the year 1540. The living is a rectory, tithes commuted at £557, with residence, held by the Rev. Samuel Buxton Smyth, M.A., of Jesus College, Cambridge. Here is a school for boys and girls, and a new school, erected in 1869, at a cost of £450. Lord Petre is lord of the manor. The principal landowners are William Gardiner, esq., and John Dixon, esq. The soil is stiff clay; subsoil, clay. The chief crops are wheat, beans and oats. The area is 2,413 acres, and the population in 1861 was 453; gross estimated rental, £3,686; rateable value, £3,327.
Hanningfield Tye is a little to the north; Claydons lies to the north-west

Parish Clerk, Richard Brand
Post Office - Charles Blanks, postmaster
Letters arrive from Chelmsford, which is the nearest money order office, at 7.45am.; dispatched at 6pm.
National School, Thomas Sutton, master
Dixon John, Great Claydons
Gardiner William, The Hall
Smyth Rev. Samuel Buxton, M.A. [rector]
 
Commercial
Bacon Thomas, boot and shoe maker
Bacon Thomas, jun. Plough & Sail, & cattle dealer
Batt Daniel, farmer
Beadel Thomas, farmer, Lodge
Bird Anthony, beer retailer
Bird William, farmer
Blanks Joseph, farmer
Bright Sarah (Mrs.), farmer

Chapman Robert, boot & shoe maker
Clark William, grocer
Collins Walter, farmer
Cottee Charles, baker & grocer
Dixon John jun. farmer
Durrant Samuel, farmer
Eaton John, carpenter
Flack William, bricklayer
Gardiner William, farmer & landowner, The Hall
Grange Horatio, shopkeeper
Kirkham George, blacksmith
Mott Charles, farmer, Paprills
Myhill Richard, butcher
Ratcliff Joseph, farmer
Rayner Henry, farmer
Shelly William, Windmill
Wells Henry, beer retailer
Wells James, Three Horseshoes

 

And Last updated on: Thursday, 02-May-2019 17:42:15 BST