Many accurate 1921 census transcriptions have already been added to the pub history site, including London, and parts of Middlesex.

Grotto, 4 Southampton Buildings, Holborn WC2A

Holborn index

Southampton buildings, nearly opposite to Gray's Inn in Holborn, still retains the old appellation. Thomas Wriothesley, earl of Southampton, petitioned, but unsuccessfully, King Charles the First, in 1637, for leave to demolish the then Southampton house, and to erect buildings for tenantry on its site. During the interregnum, the earl appears to have experienced no difficulty; and Howell, in his Londinopolis, 1657, fol., mentions Southampton house as having lately been "quite taken down, and turned to several private tenements." There are traders' tokens from Southampton buildings, bearing date 1658, and showing the occupancy of some of the houses. The speculation would seem not to have been profitably successful till the occurrence of the great fire, when Baron Atkins, in a letter to his brother Sir Robert, from Lincoln's Inn, dated September 8th, 1666, writes, "Houses are now at an excessive rate, and my lord treasurer's new buildings are now in great request." An early coffee house, possibly the first, was sold in the Southampton buildings by Jacobm the Jew, in 1671.

One of the earliest records I currently have for the Grotto is in 1825 when Sarah Bryan is a paid member and subscriber of the Licensed Victualler Association. This association, also linked to a school, was to benefit victuallers families which had hit upon hard times. The Grotto was one of three licensed premises in Southampton buildings, Holborn. The other premises were the Blue Posts and the Southampton. These latter premises were paid to close in 1911 by the award of compensation payments. These payments were all part of the drive towards a more temperant society and were significant amounts.  The Grotto by this time was often noted as the Bedford Hotel, and at other times as the Dublin House.

This is the The Bedford, 4 Southampton Buildings in 1869 and the 1871 census; aka Dublin House by 1899; and again named the Bedford Hotel in the 1911 census and again by 1934; but with periods when it is again named Dublin House. Nearly all early records refer to the Grotto.

A listing of historical public houses, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in Holborn - St Andrew, London.

Residents at this address

1806/Thomas Tarte, formerly of the Northumberland Arms, and late of the Grotto, Southampton buildings, Holborn, both in the County of Middlesex, Victualler : Prisoners in the Kings bench Prison, Surrey/../../London Gazette

1815/James Faunch/../../Sun Fire Insurance - London Met archives

1825/Mrs Sarah Bryan/Grotto/../../Licensed Victualler Association

1826/Jane Eckstein/Grotto/../../Sun Fire Insurance - London Met archives

1827/Jane Eckstein/4 Southampton buildings, £44 rental/../../London Tax Records

1829/Jane Eckstein/4 Southampton buildings, £44 rental/../../London Tax Records

1831/Jane Eckstein/4 Southampton buildings, £44 rental/../../London Tax Records

1839/Jane Eckstein/Grotto/../../Pigots Directory

1839/J Eckstein/Grotto chophouse/../../Robsons Directory

1843/Thomas Cooper/Grotto Tavern/../../Kellys Directory *

1848/Miss Louisa Wright/Grotto Tavern/../../Post Office Directory

October 1848/Edward Thomas Phinn/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

October 1848/Christopher Holt/Incoming Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

1851/Christopher Holt/Grotto Tavern/../../Kellys Directory

1851/Christopher Holt/Tavern Keeper/40/Richmond, Surrey/Census
1851/Mary Holt/Wife/40/Coleford, Gloucestershire/Census
1851/Christopher Holt/Son/14/Richmond, Surrey/Census
1851/Edith Holt/Daughter/9/London, Middlesex/Census
1851/Sarah Hawkins/Servant/21/Liverpool, Lancashire/Census
1851/Patience Butchery/Servant, widow/41/Mendum, Suffolk/Census
1851/James Burch/Servant/54/London, Middlesex/Census
1851/G Curtis/Visitor, Gentleman/24/Surrey/Census
1851/Daniel Edward/Visitor, Gentleman/28/Exeter/Census
1851/Ketty Guilley/Servant/50/Ireland/Census
1851/Standish Mott/Visitor, Gentleman/40/Brighton/Census

November 1851/Christopher Holt/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era

November 1851/Samuel Gilbert/Incoming Licensee/../../Era

1855/Charles Henry Wood of the Grotto Southampton buildings to his wife Sarah Wood/../../../Will

1856/Mrs Sarah Wood/../../../Post Office Directory

April 1856/Sarah Moore (late Wood)/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

April 1856/Beaufoy Alfred Moore, her husband/Incoming Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

January 1857/Beaufoy Alfred Moore/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era

January 1857/William Blamire/Incoming Licensee/../../Era

April 1860/License had lapsed/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era *

April 1860/Samuel Henry Leah/Incoming Licensee/../../Era *

1860/The Will of Samuel Henry Leah formerly of the "Grotto" Tavern Southampton Buildings Chancery lane but late of the London Hospital Whitechapel both in the County of Middlesex Licensed Victualler deceased who died 4 July 1860 at the London Hospital aforesaid was proved at the Principal Registry by the oath of Frederick Hucks of the "Oxford Arms" St Peters street Hackney road in the said County Licensed Victualler one of the Executors/Probate

1862/D Dancer/Bedford Tavern/../../Post Office Directory

January 1862/John Dent/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era

January 1862/William Humphryes/Incoming Licensee/../../Era

April 1864/William Garratt/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

April 1864/Charles Millington/Incoming Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

1869/William Hunt/Bedford Hotel/../../Post Office Directory

1871/George W Imber/Wine & Spirit Merchant/33/Shaftesbury, Dorset/Census
1871/Esther M Imber/Wife/30/Bristol, Gloucestershire/Census
1871/Florence E Imber/Daughter/6/Frome, Somerset/Census
1871/Kate R de S Imber/Daughter/5/Southampton/Census
1871/Leopold G Imber/Son/10 months/Holborn, Middlesex/Census
1871/Rosina Aldridge/Visitor, Drapers Assistant/21/Bristol, Gloucestershire/Census
1871/Charles A Balls/Visitor, Articled Clerk/26/Cambridge/Census
1871/Arabella Tinson/Barmaid/20/Barnstaple, Devon/Census
1871/Emily Butt/Barmaid/21/Bristol, Gloucestershire/Census
1871/Mary J Brown/Cook/30/../Census
1871/Frederick Belchin/Potman/19/Camberwell, Surrey/Census
1871/Emily J Oakshott/Nurse/22/Southampton/Census

January 1872/Leendert Oudshoorn/Outgoing Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

January 1872/Robert Morton/Incoming Licensee/../../Era Newspaper

1873/Robert Morton/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1874/Robert Morton/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1875/Robert Morton/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1876/Robert Morton/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1877/Edward Bond/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1878/Edward Bond/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1879/Edward Bond/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1880/Edward Bond/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1881/Edward Bond/../../../Holborn Petty Sessions

1881/Edward Bond/Licensed Victualler/42/Lambeth/Census
1881/Emma Bond/Wife/41/Lambeth/Census
1881/Sarah Carrington/Niece/14/Lambeth/Census
1881/Emily Morse/Barmaid/24/Grosmount, Monmouth/Census
1881/William Goff/Potman/28/Islington/Census

1882/Edward Bond/../../../Post Office Directory

Bedford, 4 Southampton Buildings :

1884/Edward Bond/Bedford/../../Post Office Directory

1895/John Edward Smith/../../../Post Office Directory

1899/William Andrews/Dublin House/../../Post Office Directory

1910/Naylor & Green/Dublin House/../../Post Office Directory

Alfred Elphinstone is at the Walmer Castle, Market square, Dover in the 1891 and 1901 census

1911/Alfred Elphinstone/Licensed Victualler/55/London/Census
1911/Emily Elphinstone/Wife, Assistant/57/Liverpool, Lancashire/Census
1911/Mary Ann Maycock/Servant, Widow/50/Carmarthen/Census

1921/Alfred P Elphiston/Dublin House/../../Post Office Directory

1934/../Bedford/../../Post Office Directory

1938/David Crowley/Bedford/../../Post Office Directory

1944/John Henry Ruskin/Bedford/../../Post Office Directory

* Provided By Bridget Martin

And Last updated on: Sunday, 22-Nov-2020 11:08:04 GMT