Many accurate 1921 census transcriptions have already been added to the pub history site, including London, and parts of Middlesex. If you can contribute to the site, send me some details to Kevan, along with some description of the specific property.
All information kindly supplied by Jean Buswell
A listing of historical public housess, Taverns, Inns, Beer Houses and Hotels in London.
This is the story about the family of Chater, Lea and Plumb - plus their
association with several London pubs (and an early cycle/motorcycle/car
Annie Elizabeth Plumb was born Annie Elizabeth Chater at Rothwell Lodge, Kettering, Northamptonshire, and was the niece by marriage of my Great-Great-Great Aunt Ann Chater.
Annie Elizabeth Chater married farmer William Lea, and they lived at Cransley, in Northants. In the 1861 census there was also a son, William Chater Lea (more on him later).
Farm Lodge, Cransley, Northamptonshire:
1861/William Lea/Farmer 86 Acres, 2 Labourers/26/Broughton, Northamptonshire/Census
1861/Anne Elizabeth Lea/Wife/25/Rothwell, Northamptonshire/Census
1861/William Chater Lea/Son/1/Cransley, Northamptonshire/Census
Their other children included Annie Rebecca Dolby Lea (misspelled on the 1871 census at the Red Deer as Annie R D Lee); She wasn’t born until 1862. William Lea died in 1867.
His widow Annie Elizabeth married George Thomas Plumb from Corby in 1870. They married in Bethnal Green, so they had both moved to London at that stage, but Annie’s son William Chater Lea had been left behind in Northamptonshire, boarding with a schoolmaster at Corby.
The following year, 1871, saw George, Annie and most of her children at the Red Deer, 393 Cambridge Road, Hackney/Bethnal Green.
In 1875 and 1876 you George T Plumb is at the Angel, 61 High Street, St Giles in Fields, Bloomsbury.
By the 1881 census. the family is now at the King of Prussia, 21 Bevenden Street. Annie R D Lea is again listed (this time her surname is correct). Incidentally, although she is described as George’s daughter-in-law, she is actually his step daughter. George Thomas Plumb is still listed here in 1882.
In 1884 the Post Office Directory lists ‘Wm Chater’ at the King of Prussia. The name could be just a coincidence, of course. Annie had several relations called William Chater but they were farmers and mostly the wrong age. There was her son William Chater Lea, and I wonder if it could have been him.
George T Plumb is next listed as the licensee in 1884 at the Baxendale Arms, 164 Columbia Road, Hackney Road, Bethnal Green. In 1885 the name is Mrs Ann Rebecca Dolby Lee. This is surely George’s stepdaughter Annie Rebecca Dolby Lea (Miss, not Mrs).
The next people to run the Baxendale Arms are shown as Lea & Co in 1886. I feel sure this is a company set up by the family, though I’ve no proof.
In 1887 Annie R D Lea married John Flavell White in Hackney district. He was a carpenter at the time of the 1891 census; whilst George Thomas Plumb and his wife Annie retired from pub-keeping, and were shown in 1891 as living on their own means at Greenwich.
They returned to Northamptonshire and George worked as a Carman, which appears to mean someone who drives a horse-drawn delivery vehicle.
Meanwhile Annie’s brother William Chater Lea set up in business to make bicycles. This led to motorcycle manufacturing, and eventually to car production. He has a mention in the Wikipedia - you will see he has hyphenated his name for the purposes of branding his vehicles, probably to make it more memorable than just Lea. If you google his name you will find other hits where some of his old bikes and cars are still owned by enthusiasts. William’s sons John Chater Lea and Bernard William Lea followed their father into the business and took over the running after his death.
Cransley Lodge, Dyke Road Avenue, Patcham, Sussex :
1911/William Chater Lea/Motor Engineer/51/Cransley, Northamptonshire/Census
1911/Pamela Lea/Wife/43/Bethnal Green, London/Census
1911/Pamela Edith Lea/Daughter/20/Hackney, London/Census
1911/Lilian May Lea/Daughter/19/Hackney, London/Census
1911/John Chater Lea/Son, Engineers Son, Assisting in Business/17/Hackney, London/Census
1911/Bernard William Lea/Son/5/Brighton, Sussex/Census
1911/Edward Bradford Ware/Visitor/26/Camberwell, London/Census
1911/Charlotte Bulmer/Visitor/15/Leytonstone, London/Census
1911/Ellen Rowland/Servant/28/Horsham, Sussex/Census
1911/Nellie Jane Smith/Servant/24/Wick, Sussex/Census
1911/Olive May Adcock/Servant/19/Havant, Hants/Census
William’s brother in law John Flavell White who was a carpenter in 1891 became in 1901 a cycle engineer. In 1911, following the death of his wife Annie R D Lea and his remarriage, he must have still been working for the Chater Lea firm as he is shown as a Steel Carboniser – Motor Manufacturer.
** Provided by Jean Buswell